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1836, James Coulling - UK - Unfit For Publication
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Indictments for James Coulling and others 2 Apr 1836, Taunton, Somerset trial  1 

SOMERSET. The Jurors for our Lord the King upon their Oath present that James Coulling late of Bath in the County of Somerset Labourer Joseph Henry Targett late of the same place Labourer and James Brown late of the same place Labourer on the Sixteenth — day of January in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and Thirty Six with force and arms at Bath aforesaid in the said County in and upon one George Cooper in the peace of God and our said Lord the King then and there being feloniously did make an assault and him the said George Cooper in Corporal fear and danger of his life then and there feloniously did put and divers pieces of the current silver coin of this Realm to wit Four half crowns of the value of Two shillings and Six pence each and Five shillings of the value of Twelve pence each of the monies of the said George Cooper from the person and against the will of the said George Cooper then and there violently and feloniously did steal take and carry away Against the peace of our said lord the King his Crown and Dignity.

2nd Count
And the Jurors aforesaid upon their oath aforesaid do further present that the said James Coulling Joseph Henry Targett and James Brown on the same day and in the year aforesaid with force and arms at Bath aforesaid in the said County did accuse the said George Cooper of a certain infamous Crime to wit an assault with Intent to commit the abominable crime of Buggery with mankind that is to say with the said James Coulling with a view and intent then and there to extort and gain money from him the said George Cooper and that they the said James Coulling Joseph Henry Targett and James Brown did then and there by intimidating him the said George Cooper by such accusation and threat extort and gain from him certain money to wit divers pieces of the current silver coin of this Realm to wit Four half Crowns of the value of Two shillings and six pence each and Five shillings of the value of Twelve pence each of the monies of the said George Cooper and thereby did then and there feloniously rob the said George Cooper of the said monies against the form ofthe Statute in such case made and provided and against the peace of our said Lord the King his Crown and Dignity.

3rd Count
And the Jurors aforesaid upon their oath aforesaid do further present that the said James Coulling Joseph Henry Targett and James Brown on the same day and in the year aforesaid with force and arms at Bath aforesaid in the said County feloniously did rob the said George Cooper of Four half crowns of the value of Two shillings and Six pence each and Five shillings of the value of Twelve pence each the same being then and there the monies of the said George Cooper Against the peace of our said Lord the King his Crown and Dignity.
[Signed] Gurney

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Petition for Clemency  2 

11 March 34

    James Cooling’s brother lived in my service between two or three years and James Cooling during this period has been in the habit of waiting at my home up to this time and I consider him an honest trust worthy person.
[Signed] J Moreland, 2 Cavendish Court.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

To the Right Honourable Lord John Russell Secretary of State for the Home Department

Petition in behalf of James Cooling now in Ilchester Gaol

    James Cooling against whom sentence of death was recorded at the last Somerset Assizes – having lived in the Service of the families whose names are annexed on the other side – and having at that period borne a good character – his parents also being respectable. The undersigned venture to hope that the extreme sentence of the law “Transportation for Life” may not be carried into effect- under the impression that a less severe punishment may be the means of reclaiming him from vice and that after having been for a time removed from the contagion of evil associates, he may become a reformed character.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    James Cooling lived in my Service as Footman in 1830 and 1831. I always found him perfectly honest – and a good Servant.
[Signed] JA Savage, 1 Widecombe Crescent, Bath, May 5th 1836
[Signed] MA Barlow, Sydney Place.
[Signed] Jno Armstrong, Cavendish Place.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

We the undersigned have known James Coulling for a length of time to be a Sober honest and Industrious Man to the time of the unfortunate event and Praying a Mitigation of his Sentence

Names

Occupation

Jno Steager

Shoemaker

John Starks

Gardenr

Thos Hulbert

Painter

William Reece

Grocer

Richd Betteson

Brewer

Joseph Dunzey

Tailor

Samuel (Hucker ?)

Labourer

J (?)

Laberer

J Newman

Labour

T Pounsett

Gardenr

Samuel Clark

Hair Dresser

Stephen Clark

Tailor

John Payne

Lodgeing House Keeper

Charles Sumsion

Stone Engraver

Robert Bosley

Plasterer &c

Thomas Miles

Grocer

Henry Edwards

Brewer

Samuel Beavis

Bucher

John Sumsion

(?)

William Morris

Servant

Thomas (?)

Mason

Thomas (Dawlins ?)

Labourer

 

[On the cover is the following]

Hw 4
James Coulling 29
Somerset Lent Assizes
Taunton April 1836

Accusing in person with having committed an unnatural crime with intent to extort money.

Sentence Commuted to Transportation for Life.
Gaol (Repton ?) – (Charlton ?) (?)
(?) to the York
Nil

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Hulk Registers, Sep 1836 3 

 

No. on S.B.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Offence

 

Convicted

 

Sen-tence

 

Surgeon’s Report

 

Behaviour during the Quarter

 

No. of preceding Masters

 

Remarks

 

Where

 

When

 

VG.

 

G.

 

In.

 

B.

 

VB

 

6765

 

James Coulling

 

25

 

Extorting monies under a certain threat

 

Taunton

 

2 April 1836

 

Life

 

Healthy

 

Indifferent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sworn list of the York Convict Hulk, Quarter ending the 30th Day of September 1836

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 

York Hulk Registers, Sep 1836 4 

 

No.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Offence

 

When and where convicted

 

Sentence

 

How disposed of

 

Ilchester

 

            27th May 1836

 

6765

 

Jas. Coulling

 

25

 

Extracting monies under a certain threat

 

Taunton 2 April 1836

 

Life

 

NSW 21 Oct

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Bath and Devizes Guardian, Sat 9 Apr 1836  5 

THURSDAY

    Mr Sergeant Wilde commenced trying the prisoners in the Grand Jury Room this morning.

    James Cooling, JH Targett, and James Brown, were prosecuted at the instance of George Cooper, a servant out of place, for conspiring to extort money by accusing him of a nameless offence, in Bath, in January last. The particulars of the case appeared in the Bath papers when the parties were taken into custody and examined before the magistrates. The trial lasted from one till eight in the evening, when Cowling was found guilty, and the other prisoners were acquitted.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

 

The Taunton Courier, Sat 16 Apr 1836  6 

THURSDAY, APRIL 7

    Mr Serg. Wylde commenced trying the prisoners in the Grant-Jury-Room.

    JH Targett, James Cowling and James Brown, were indicted for assaulting and robbing George Cooper of four half-crowns and five shillings, and also of accusing him with having committed an abominable offence with intent to extort money. The Jury found Cowling “guilty”, and acquitted the other prisoners.– The details ofthese cases are not fit for publication.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    Norfolk (5) muster  7  reveals that James Coulling a native of Surrey, UK, aged 27, an in-door servant, protestant, could read and write, with single status who was 5' 7¼" tall with a sallow complexion, brown hair and eyes and wanting a canine tooth left side upper jaw, small mole inside lower left arm, three small scars forefinger of left hand, brown scar left shin, was tried and convicted at Somerset assizes, on 2 April 1836, for three charges including an unnatural crime.  8  He was sentenced  9  for life to the Colony of NSW.

    Coulling’s ticket of leave No. 45/561, 10  dated 18th March 1845 states he is allowed to remain in the District of Maitland, on recommendation of HP Barracks Bench, dated November 1844. There is an handwritten note across the ticket stating: ‘Ticket turn up Coulling having obtained aforesaid Pardon No. 49/1317, dated 20 September 1849.’

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Morning Chronicle, Wed 26 Mar 1845  11 

TICKETS OF LEAVE GRANTED.

    The undermentioned Prisoners of the Crown have obtained Tickets of Leave since the last day of publication, vis:—

COUNTY OF NORTHUMBERLAND.


    Maitland—

    Coulling James Norfolk (5);

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser, Sat 27 Oct 1849 12 

GOVERNMENT GAZETTE.

————
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1849.
———

Conditional Pardons.

    His Excellency the Governor has directed it to be notified, that her Majesty has been graciously pleased to authorise the issue of pardons to the undermentioned persons, on condition that during the remainder of the term of their respective sentences, they do not return to the countries or colonies from which they were respectively transported, as hereunder more particularly specified.

DATED 20TH SEPTEMBER, 1849.

    Pardons available everywhere, save in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

    James Coulling, Norfolk (5)

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

James Coulling NSW Marriage Certificate, 13 Jan 1852 13 

New South Wales
Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act 1995
Church of England
MARRIAGES

  

 

Number

 

727 Vol: 38C

 

Grooms Details

Name

Of

Marital Status

Brides Details

Bride

Of

Marital Status

 

 

James COULLING

Parish of Whittingham

Not stated

 

Margaret REED

Parish of Whittingham

Not stated

 

When married

Where married

By

 

13 January 1852

Parish of Whittingham, County of Northumberland

Banns

 

Consent

Minister

 

Not stated

James Blackwood, Chaplain

 

Witnesses

 

George Barnes of Glendon

Catherine Barnes of Glendon

 

Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages

Sydney 5 July 2006

 

[Signature illegible] Registrar

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

James Coulling NSW Death Certificate, 12 Apr 1882 14 

 Registration Number 1882/000752

New South Wales
Births, Deaths and Marriages Registration Act 1995
DEATH CERTIFICATE

 

Date and place of death

 

12th April 1882; Macquarie street South

 

Name and occupation

 

James Cooling [sic]; Cabinet maker

 

Sex and age

 

male; 75 years

 

1) Cause of Death

2) Duration of last illness

3) Medical attendant

4) When he last saw deceased

 

1) Cancer of the Neck

2) 11 months

3) Dr Philip

4) 10th December 1881

 

1) Name

2) and occupation of father

3) Name

4) and maiden surname of mother

 

1) James Cooling [sic]

2) Cabinet maker

3) Hannah

4) –

 

Informant

 

Certified by Margaret Cool[ing], widow, 78 Macquarie (?)

 

Particulars of registration

 

[Signature illegible], 13th April 1882, Sydney

 

1) When

2) and where buried

3) name of undertaker

 

1) 13th April 1882

2) Waverley Church of England Cemetery

3) J & (L ?) (Shyning ?) & Co

 

1) Name and religion of Minister

2) and names of witnesses of burial

 

1) –

2) John C Hillman, Mathew Duke Brady

 

1) Where born

2) and how long in the Australasian Colonies or States

 

1) Bath, England

2) 32 years in NS Wales

 

1) Place of marriage

2) age

3) and to whom

 

1) Singleton

2) 55 years

3) Margaret Read [sic]

 

Children of marriage

 

3 females deceased

 

Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages

Sydney 5 July 2006

 

[Signature illegible] Registrar

 


1  The (UK) National Archives, Indictment File, ASS125/25/4. Names &c transcribed as found. Emphasis added.

2  The (UK) National Archives, Petitions for Clemency, (Petition no. HW4) HO17/52.

3  The (UK) National Archives, Hulk Registers September 1836, HO8/49. Emphasis added.

4  The (UK) National Archives, Hulk Registers, HO9/9.

5  The Bath and Devizes Guardian, Sat 9 Apr 1836. Person’s names transcribed as found.

6  The Taunton Courier, Sat 16 Apr 1836, p. 6. Person’s names transcribed as found.

7  SRNSW: NRS12188, [X640], Appendix - B Indents to convict ships, p. 37, R908.

8  The Criminal Registers - Series II (see PRO 2795, p. 160) shows the offence as being ‘robbery’ and not an unnatural offence.

9  On the Criminal Registers - Series II (see PRO 2795, p. 160) it states: Sentence - Death, but the Execution or commuted punishment column: Transportation for life.

10 SRNSW: NRS12202, [4/4198] (45/475-728), Ticket of leave butts, 31 Mar 1827–20 Aug 1867, vol. 138, R956.

11 Morning Chronicle, Wed 26 Mar 1845, p. 3.

12 The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser, Sat 27 Oct 1849, p. 4.

13 NSW BDM, 5 Jul 2006.

14 NSW BDM, 5 Jul 2006.