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Below also see: Thomas Ah Fun, 1900

 

Northern Star, Wed 1 Nov 1899 1

LISMORE POLICE COURT.
————
Monday, October 30.

    Before the Police Magistrate.

    Thomas Funn, a half-bred Chinaman, pleaded guilty to charges of drunkenness, indecent language, and having offended against decency.

    Constable Taylor deposed: Yesterday, about 4 pm, I saw accused in Woodlark-street. A complaint had been made to me by two persons. I arrested the accused. The language was used on the footpath while I was struggling with him.

    The constable’s evidence was corroborated by two civilians, who gave evidence regarding the last-named offence.

    Senior-sergeant Tippett, in reply to the Bench, read out a record of previous convictions against the accused. In 1898 there were no less than 7 convictions against him for various offences. Accused was afterwards sentenced by the Casino Bench, and had only recently served a sentence of six months. He was sorry to see accused back in the district, as he was a very bad character.

    Accused was fines £1, or seven days for drunkenness, £2, or two weeks for indecent behaviour, sentences to be cumulative.

    Funn was further charged with the larceny of three keys, the property of Mr J Wightman.

    Constable Taylor deposed: Yesterday afternoon, while arresting accused, saw some keys (produced) in his pocket. Said to accused this morning that I charged him with stealing three keys, the property of John Wightman. In reply he said, “I do not know how I got them.” The keys have since been identified by Mr Wightman as his property. Now pray for a remand till to-morrow for the production of further evidence.

    Remanded accordingly.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Northern Star, Sat 4 Nov 1899 2

LISMORE POLICE COURT.
————
Tuesday, October 31.

BEFORE the Police Magistrate.

    Thomas Funn, [sic] on remand from the previous day, was charged with stealing three keys, the value of 10s, and the property of John Wightman.

    The evidence of Constable Taylor’s, given on the previous day, was read and deposed to as correct,

    John Wightman deposed: Have known accused for some years. He never stayed at my place and never was in my employ. Saw the keys produced, they are my property. One key is that of the forage room, and the second that of the store room, and the third I am not sure of. The keys were usually kept in the custody or [sic
the groom in my employ. Never gave accused the keys, or gave him permission to take them.

    To accused: Never saw you about the place.

    John Robinson, groom in Mr Wightman’s employ, deposed: Have charge of some keys belonging to Mr Wightman. One is that of the loft, the other the forage room, and the third the store-room. The keys were generally kept on the lavatory door by me. The last I saw of them was between 9 an 10 am on Sunday. Missed them on Monday morning. Identify the keys produced, as those I lost. Never gave accused or anyone authority to take the keys.

    The PM: said he would reduce the charge to one of “having the keys in accused’s possession, reasonably suspected of being stolen.”

    Accused [Thomas Funn] made a statement that he had no recollection of taking the keys, and could not account for them being in his possession.

    The Bench sentenced accused to one months’ imprisonment in Casino gaol, with hard labour. The keys to be returned to Mr Wightman.

    Accused further charged that, on the 20th instant, at North Lismore, he did, in company with one Thomas Latcham assault on Robert Riva, with intent to commit a felony.

    Constable W Kennedy deposed: Know accused, Thomas Funn. Saw him yesterday evening at the Lismore lockup. Produce warrant for his arrest.. Read the warrant to him, and charged him with the offence. In reply he said, “I did not intent to rob him. We had a fight, and I hit him and he hit me.” Now pray for a remand till to-morrow for the production of further evidence.

    Thomas Latcham was charged that on the 20th instant, at North Lismore, he did, in company with one Thomas Funn, assault one Robert Riva, with intent to commit a felony.

    Constable W Kennedy deposed: Know the accused Latcham. In company with Constable Taylor I arrested him yesterday at his home (?) I charged him with the offence. He replied, “I did not do it. I am not guilty.” I brought him yo the Lismore lockup and confined him there. He was identified by Robert Riva, out of several others. Read the warrant to him, and he asked, “Am I charged by myself?” I said “No! You are charged in company with Thomas Funn.” Now pray for a remand till to-morrow for the production of further evidence.

    Remanded accordingly.

    An application for bail was opposed by the police, and therefore refused.

    The Police Magistrate, however, gave instructions to the police that every facility should be given to prisoners to see solicitors or anyone while at the lockup.

LISMORE POLICE COURT.
————
Wednesday, November 1.
Before the PM and Mr FF Litchfield, JP.


    Before the Police Magistrate.

ALLEGED ASSAULT.

    Thomas Funn and Thomas Latchem on remand were charged with assaulting one Robert Riva with intent to commit a felony.

    Accused pleaded not guilty, and were defended by Mr Jones.

    Constable Kennedy deposed: Have heard the evidence (given the previous day) read. It is correct. Wish to supplement it by stating that on the 29th saw both accused in Woodlark-street. They were going towards Fawcett Bridge. A man named Riva was with them. Some time afterwards heard screams from North Lismore. I went in that direction with Constable Taylor. Met Robert Riva on the bridge. He had a blood-stained handkerchief in his hands, and blood was flowing from his mouth. We had a conversation with him. He left and went home. We proceeded across the bridge to North Lismore, but could see no body. About a quarter to 2 am next morning accused Latchem came across the bridge from N Lismore. I said to him: “Did you go across the bridge in company with the little tailor that works at Mr Maloney’s?” He replied “No!” I said “Did you not come up Woodlark-street with another man and go across the bridge?” He again replied “No!” On Monday, 30th, saw accused at his father’s farm. I said to him “I want to ask you a few questions, and be careful how you answer me.” I then said “Do you still deny being in company with Robert Riva (Mr Maloney’s tailor), and Thomas Funn, on Saturday night?” He said “I do.” I said “Do you mean to say you did not come up Woodlark-street and go to North Lismore?” He then said h did go as far as Cogan’s. He said Tommy Funn and Robert Riva started “larking” there. On the way to the lockup he said “As Manktelow is not with us now I’ll tell you the truth. I went across the bridge with Funn and Riva to Cogan’s to have a drink.” He said “They commenced “sparring,” and I left them and went towards Stone’s Hotel, thinking they would follow. Afterwards I heard Riva singing out. I went back to him. He kept singing out and said to me “Did you see him hitting me.” He said “I ran away for fear any person might come up and blame me.” I said “If you were innocent why did you deny being in company with Funn on Saturday night?” He replied “I did not want to be brought as a witness.

    To Mr Jones: Riva told me he could identify the two men who had assaulted him and attempted to rob him. Riva was sober and was by himself. Did not see Funn again that night, till Monday.
    Robert Riva, tailor, residing at Lismore, deposed: Know the accused by sight. Picked accused Latchem from amongst others at the lockup as the man who assaulted me on Saturday night. On that night I, in company with accused, went over to Cogan’s Hotel. We found the place was shut up. We were standing in the street. Funn caught me by the throat. I screamed aloud. I was choking and was nearly insensible. As they were leaving one of them hit me on the mouth. Then they ran away. Missed about 9s after the scuffle. I met Constables Kennedy and Taylor on the bridge. I laid the information in the case.

    To accused Funn: Never struck you.

    To Mr Jones: Had three drinks that night. There was some suggestion made about going further on to Stone’s Hotel.

    To the Bench: Latchem did not offer me any assistance when I was assaulted.

    Charles Smith, groom at the Royal Hotel, deposed: Know the accused and the last witness. Saw them leave the Royal Hotel. Riva had 9s on him when he left.

     To Mr Jones: Riva was slightly under the influence of liquor. Latchem was fairly sober.

    Accused when asked the usual question, elected to be summarily dealt with, and pleaded not guilty.

    Funn made a statement from the dock in which he admitted striking Riva, but only in self-defence.

    Thomas Latchem was then sworn, and deposed he was a driver residing on the Bexhill road. Remember 29th instant, was in Lismore in company with Riva and Funn. Am not acquainted with either of them. Remember leaving McGrath’s hotel after closing time. Stopped outside talking, and then went to Adkins and met the other two. They asked me to go and have a drink at McGraths. We could not get in there so we went towards Cogan’s. Riva was under the influence of liquor. Could not get in a Cogans. I suggested going to Stone’s. I walked towards Stone’s thinking they would follow, I must have been 30 yards away. I heard Riva sing out. I went back and asked him what was up. Riva said, “Did you see that little bloke what he did?” I said. No, what did he do? Riva said, “He struck me.”

    To the police: Swear I never laid a hand on Riva.

    Accused Funn (who was called by Mr Jones), deposed: Never spoke to Latchem previous to the Saturday night in question. Latchem never struck Riva. I hit Riva after he struck me. Never attempted to rob him. Am sure that Latchem never hit Riva.

    This concluded the evidence, and the accused were then committed to take their trial at the Court of Quarter Sessions to be holden at Lismore on November 20th. Funn made no application for bail. Latchem was allowed bail self in £50 and two sureties of £40 or one in £80, which was immediately forthcoming.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Clarence and Richmond Examiner, Tue 21 Nov 1899 3

LATEST TELEGRAPHIC.
———◦———

Lismore, Monday night.

THE Quarter Sessions opened to-day, before Mr Acting-Judge Rogers; Mr Conroy acting as Crown Prosecutor. Alick John (an aboriginal), charged with the manslaughter of another aboriginal, Harry Chinum, at Broadwater, was acquitted. Geo Clancy, charged with maliciously wounding, was found guilty on the second count of assault, and sentenced to 18 months hard labor in Grafton gaol. Thomas Funn and Thos Latchem were arraigned for assault with intent to rob. Latchem was acquitted, and Funn found guilty and sentenced to six months’ hard labour in Grafton gaol. Several other cases remain for trial.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Lismore Chronicle and Richmond River Courier, Tue 21 Nov 1899 4

LISMORE QUARTER SESSIONS.
————
Monday, November 20.

BEFORE His Honor Judge Rogers.

    Mr Conroy appeared on behalf of the Crown.
    The bar was represented b Messrs Sheridan, Ackland, and Leibius, and most of the solicitors of the town were present at the opening of the Court.
    Prior to other business the following gentlemen were sworn in as Justices of the Peace, viz:—FH Bartlett, J Cawley, FW Davis, J Morton, J Olive, W Lockett, F Ross, FK Rutherford, FA Ridley, WG Simpson, JH Smith, and J Stocks.
    Two jurymen were fined 40s for non-attendance but the fines were subsequently remitted, a satisfactory explanation being forthcoming.

ALLEGED ASSAULT WITH INTENT TO ROB.

    Tommy Fun [aka Thomas Ah Fun] and Thomas Latchem [aka Latcham] were charged with assaulting one Robert Riva with intent to commit a robbery. Accused pleaded not guilty. There was a second count of assault.

    Mr PP Jones appeared on behalf of the accused Latchem.

    The following jury was empanelled, viz:—A Wardilan, J Stagg, JH Smith, D Ballantyne, C Dawes, R Burke, JW Farrell, AJ Simpson, TW Beaney, J Patterson, J Lindsay, and A Gray.

    Prosecutor in this case detailed the same narrative as was reported fully in these columns, and the rest was similar to what has been reported, no fresh matter of any importance being elicited.

    Constable Kennedy gave precisely the same evidence as at the lower Court.

    Cross-examined witness said that the prosecutor was fairly sober. He did not ask witness or Constable Taylor to examine any marks on his throat. Prosecutor did not complain definitely of losing any money.

    Charles Smith, groom at the Royal Hotel, was called to show that prosecutor had 8s or 9s with him when he left the hotel. The accused could see it as prosecutor produced.

    To Mr Jones: Prosecutor was “betwixt and between,” indecent exposure, neither drunk nor sober.

    This was the case for the Crown.

    Accused Fun made a rambling statement about selling a horse and various other things. The pith of it was as before reported that the prosecutor when they were on the bridge got a grip of him, and he struck him in self defence. He denied striking first or taking any money.

    Constable Taylor, who was not previously called, deposed that he was with Constable Kennedy. The night was fine, and the streets were lighted. Was with Constable Kennedy when prosecutor came up to them when about 40 yards from Cogan’s. Prosecutor did not offer to show them any marks. Prosecutor said he had lost no money. He said they did not put their hands in his pocket. Prosecutor was the worse for liquor. Saw Latchem shortly after, coming along leisurely.

    To the Crown Prosecutor: He denied having been with prosecutor. Prosecutor’s mouth was bleeding. He did not say he had been assaulted, but said he had been struck.

    Thomas Latchem have evidence on his own account. He related how he was in the company of Fun and prosecutor. They could not get into Cogan’s hotel and he suggested going further to Stone’s went on himself some distance, when he heard some drunken noises. Went back and found prosecutor by himself. When he left, Fun was with prosecutor. Did not see Fun again. Never struck prosecutor.

    Cross-examined: Prosecutor asked him if he (witness) had seen the other man with him. Could not see anything the matter with him.

    To Mr Jones: Came back when I heard him scream, but, as he wouldn’t stop, I went over and stood by Cogan’s fence.

    Mr Jones addressed the jury in spirited terms, contending in a chain of arguments that there was not a title [sic] of evidence against his client Latchem.

    The Crown Prosecutor replied, and the Judge having summed up, the jury retired for about half an hour, when they returned with a verdict of guilty on the first count against the accused Fun, and a verdict of not guilty in the case of Latchem.

    Accused Fun was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment in Grafton gaol.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Northern Star, Wed 22 Nov 1899 5

LISMORE QUARTER SESSIONS.
————

THE Quarter Sessions opened on Monday before his Honor Acting-Judge Rogers; Mr Conroy acting as Crown Prosecutor.
    The Bar was represented by Messrs Ackland, Leibius, Sheridan, and attorneys by local members of the legal profession.
    The following newly-appointed JsP were sworn in:—Messrs FH Bartlett, FW Davis, John Cawley, John Morton, John Olive, William Lockett, Frederick Ross, FK Rutherford, FA Ridley, WG Simpson, John H Smith, and James Stocks.
    The jury list was called over, and all answered to their names with two exceptions—Messrs George Robson and George Cottee—who were each fined £2. Later on Mr Cottee appeared and gave a satisfactory explanation and was excused. Mr Robson, it was stated, was away with the NSW Lancers in Transvaal, and his Honor accepted this as an excuse.

ALLEGED ASSAULT WITH INTENT TO ROB.

    Thomas Funn [aka Thomas Ah Fun] and Thomas Latchem were arraigned charged that on the 19th October at Lismore, they did assault one Robert Riva with intent to rob. There was a second count of common assault.

    Mr PP Jones appeared for accused Latchem.

    Jury: Albert Walker, John Stagg, JH Smith, David Ballantyne, Charles Hall, Richard Burke, John Farrow, AJ Simpson, Thomas W Meaney, John Patterson, John Lindsay, Arthur C Gray.

    The evidence given in the case was similar to that given in the Police Court and reported in these columns at the time.

    Robert Riva, Constable Kennedy, and Charles Smith gave evidence. The latter stated that when the accused and Riva were at the Royal Hotel the latter pulled out some money from his pocket. The accused could have seen the money as they were present.

    This was the case for the Crown.

    For the defendant: Accused Thomas Funn gave evidence, the substance of which was that when near the bridge, prosecutor got a grip on him, and he (Funn) then hit out in self defendant. He denied striking first, or that he robbed or molested prosecutor.

    Constable S[amuel] S[utherland] Taylor, and the following early morning were fine and clear. Was on duty with Constable Kennedy. We were near Fawcett Bridge when Riva come up. The latter never showed us any marks on his neck. Riva never said anything about somebody putting his hands in his pocket and he never said he lost anything. I asked him if they put their hands in his pocket and he said no. Riva was not drunk, but was the worse for liquor. Latchem was sober to all appearances.

    To Mr Conroy: Latchem denied being with Riva. Riva looked as if he had been assaulted. His mouth was bleeding.

    Accused Latchem also gave evidence similar to that given by him at the Police Court. He denied striking prosecutor at all.

    Mr Jones addressed the jury, and the Crown Prosecutor replied at some length.

    His Honor having summed up, the jury retired at 5.30 and at 6.15 returned with a verdict of guilty on the first count against Funn, and not guilty against Latchem on the ground that there was not sufficient evidence to convict. Latchem was thereupon discharged.

    His Honor, in passing sentence on accused Funn, tendered some very wholesome advice. The sentence of the Court was that he be kept in Grafton Gaol for six months with hard labor.

 


 

Thomas Ah Fun, 1900

Northern Star, Wed 3 Oct 1900 6

THE BREELONG BLACKS.
————
NEWS FROM SUPERINTENDENT GARVIN
————


    LISMORE QUARTER SESSIONS.—The Quarter Sessions open here to-morrow, Thursday, before His Honor Judge Heydon, with Mr RJ Browning as Crown Prosecutor. The following cases are set down for hearing:—Joseph De Silva, assault occasioning actual bodily harm; Casper Stock, larceny of woodwork belonging to a builder: second charge of receiving; Martin Henaghan, [see Martin Henaghan, 1900], soliciting to commit a felony; Thomas Funn, attempting to commit an unnatural offence; Robert Armstrong, cattle stealing: second charge of receiving; Percy Vickery, larceny; John Bryce, breaking and entering a dwelling.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Northern Star, Sat 6 Oct 1900 7

LISMORE QUARTER SESSIONS.
————

THE Quarter Sessions opened on Thursday before His Honor Judge Heydon, with Mr RJ Browning as Crown Prosecutor.
    The Bar was represented by Messrs Ackland, Sheridan, and local members of the profession.

Friday.

    The Court re-opened at 9.30 am.

    Thomas Funn was arraigned charged with attempting to commit an unnatural offence [on Raymond Wotherspoon, 14]. There was a second count of indecent assault. Accused, who was undefended, pleaded not guilty.
    Jury: Messrs Maurice Harmston, Joseph Priest, James Smith, Charles Sallaway, Chas Clarke, James McKee, David Weir, Magnus Davison, John Sexton, senr, Alex Meston, John O’Connor, and Edward Boyle.
    The evidence in this case is totally unfit for publication.
    After hearing the evidence, which occupied the court till 11.45 am, the jury retired. At 12.15 the jury returned with a verdict of guilty of the second count.

SENTENCES.

    Accused Funn was then called up for sentence. Asked if he had anything to say why sentence should not be passed on him, he still protested that he was quite innocent. He had told the truth and the witnesses had told “all lies.”

    His Honor asked if anything was known against the accused.

    Senior-Sergeant Tippett produced the police records, showing no less than nineteen convictions against accused for various offences. Accused had served two sentences of six months each, and several of three months for robbery from the person, assault, disturbing religious meeting, etc.

    His Honor, addressing accused said it was evident from the number of convictions that accused was a bad character. Whether these crimes originated through drink or from the bad bringing up which the accused had had, was not quite clear, but respectable people must be protected from men of his sort. The sentence of the Court was that accused be kept in Grafton gaol for a period of two years and six months.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Sydney Morning Herald, Sat 6 Oct 1900 8

COUNTRY QUARTER
SESSIONS.
———◦———

Lismore, Friday.

    The Quarter Sessions concluded to-day. Joseph De Silva, on a charge of assault, was acquitted. Casper Stock was charged with larceny of woodwork from a dwelling. There was no evidence against him and accused was acquitted. Percy Vickery was found guilty of larceny, and was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment in Grafton Gaol. The following sentences were passed on prisoners found guilty yesterday:—Robert Bryce, receiving stolen property, 12 months’ imprisonment, and then to find sureties for good behaviour, or serve a further term of three months; Robert Armstrong, cattle-stealing, three years’ imprisonment; Thomas Funn, attempt to commit an offence, two and a half years’ imprisonment in Grafton Gaol.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~

The Lismore Chronicle and Richmond River Courier, Tue 9 Oct 1900 9

LISMORE QUARTER SESSIONS
————
Thursday, October 4

BEFORE His Honor Judge Heydon.

Friday.

    The Court re-opened at 9.30 am.

    Thomas Funn was arraigned charged with attempting to commit an unnatural offence. There was a second count of indecent assault. Accused, who was undefended, pleaded not guilty.

    Jury: Maurice Harmston, Joseph Priest, James Smith, Charles Sallaway, Chas Clarke, James McKee, David Weir, Magnus Davidson, John Sexton, senr, Alex Meston, John O’Connor, and Edward Boyle.

    The evidence in this case is totally unfit for publication.

    After hearing the evidence, which occupied the Court till 11.45 am, the jury retired. At 12.15 the jury returned with a verdict of guilty on the second count.
Sentences.

    Accused Funn was then called up for sentence. Asked if he had anything to say why sentence should not be passed on him, he still protested that he was quite innocent. He had told the truth and the witnesses had told “all lies.”

    His Honor asked if anything was known against the accused.

    Senior-Sergeant Tippett produced the police records, showing no less than nineteen conviction against accused for various offences. Accused had served two sentences of six months each, and several of three months for robbery from the person, assault, disturbing religious meeting, etc.

    His Honor, addressing accused, said it was evident from the number of convictions, that accused was a bad character. Whether these crimes originated through drink or from the bad bringing up the accused had had, was not quite clear, but respectable people must be protected from men of his sort. The sentence of the court was that accused be kept in Grafton gaol for a period of two years and six months.

~ ~ ~ ~ ~


Thomas Fun, Gaol photo sheet 10

SRNSW: NRS2258, [3/5993], Grafton Gaol photographic description book, Nov 1894-Jun 1910, No. 45, p. 46, R5125. Emphasis added.


Gaol Photo Sheet - 
Transcribed Details

No. 45
Grafton

Date when Portrait was taken: 6th November 1900

Name: Thomas Fun
(aka Thomas Ah Fun)

Native place: Sydney

Year of birth: 1871

Arrived       Ship: –
in Colony }   Year: BC

Trade or occupation
previous to conviction  } Laborer

Religion: Roman Catholic

Education, degree of: Read & Write

Height: 4' 11½"

Weight     On committal: 127
in lbs     } On discharge:

Colour of hair: Black

Colour of eyes: Black


Marks or special features: Half cast chinese

(No. of previous Portrait ... ) 

CONVICTIONS

Where and When Offence. Sentence

Casino PC

ditto 

Lismore Q.S

Ballina PC 

Lismore PC 
ditto 

ditto 

ditto 
ditto 

Casino PC 
ditto 

Grafton PC

ditto 
ditto 

ditto 

Lismore PC 
ditto 
ditto

ditto

Lismore Q.S

Lismore PC

Lismore Q.S

 

26

26

15

8

13
13

23

11
11

11
11

11

2
2

29

30
30
30

31

20

4

5

12

4

7

9

4
4

5

8
8

10
10

4

5
5

8

10
10
10

10

11

6

10

1892

1893

1896

1896

1898
1898

1898

1898
1898

1898
1898

1899

1899
1899

1899

1899
1899
1899

1899

1899

1900

1900

Obscene Language

ditto

Disturbing a congregation of
The Salvation Army

Assault 

Drunk & Disorderly
Indecent Language 

ditto 

Drunk & Disorderly 
Indecent Language 

ditto 
Habitual Drunkenness 

Assault

Refusing to pay for liquor supplied
Indecent Language

Drunk & Disorderly

Indecent Language
Indecent Behaviour
Drunkenness

Larceny 

Assault with intent to rob

Riotous Behaviour

Indecent assault on a boy

Fine 40/- or 21 days Imp

Fine 40/- or 1 month Imp


14 days HL

Fine £5 or 3 months HL

Fine 40/- or 7 days Imp
Fine 60/- or 1 month Imp  |  Conc

Fine £4 or 2 months Imp

Fine 20/- or 4 days Imp
Fine £4 or 2 months HL

Fine 20/- or 1 month Imp
6 months Hl                 |  Conc

Fine 20/- or 21 days Imp

3 months HL
Fine 20/- or 1 month Imp

Fine 20/- or 7 days Imp

Fine 40/- or 14 days Imp
Fine 20/- or 14 days Imp  |  Conc
Fine 20/- or 7 days Imp    | 

1 month HL

6 months HL

Fine 40/- or 21 days Imp

2 years & 6 months H.L.
Grafton Gaol

 


1     Northern Star (Lismore, NSW), Wed 1 Nov 1899, p. 4.

2     Northern Star (Lismore, NSW), Sat 4 Nov 1899, pp. 4, 6. Emphasis added.

3     Clarence and Richmond Examiner, Tue 21 Nov 1899, p. 5. Emphasis added.

4     The Lismore Chronicle and Richmond River Courier, Tue 21 Nov 1899, p. 2. Emphasis added.

5     Northern Star (Lismore, NSW), Wed 22 Nov 1899, p. 4. Emphasis added.

6     Northern Star (Lismore, NSW), Wed 4 Oct 1900, p. 4. Emphasis added.

7     Northern Star (Lismore, NSW), Sat 6 Oct 1900, p. 4.

8     The Sydney Morning Herald, Sat 6 Oct 1900, p. 10. Emphasis added.

9     The Lismore Chronicle and Richmond River Courier, Tue 9 Oct 1900, p. 2.

10   SRNSW: NRS2258, [3/5993], Grafton Gaol photographic description book, Nov 1894-Jun 1910, No. 45, p. 46, R5125. Emphasis added.